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Tromboembolismo Venoso – SINTOMAS, CAUSA E TRATAMENTO

Tromboembolismo Venoso – SINTOMAS, CAUSA E TRATAMENTO

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the term used to denote the combination of two diseases, deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Deep vein thrombosis is a disease caused by the formation of clots deep inside the veins, usually in the lower limbs. And pulmonary embolism is the obstruction of the arteries of the lung caused by the formation of clots (thrombus).

SINTOMAS
Edema (swelling);
Pain;
Heat;
Flushing (redness);
Stiffness of the musculature in the region where the thrombus formed;
Darker color of skin;
Subcutaneous tissue induration;
Eczemas.

Como posso prevenir o tromboembolismo venoso?
Avoid overweight – obese people have twice as much risk of venous thromboembolism. The greater the weight, the greater the risk.

Avoid immobility – get regular physical activity and avoid standing still for long periods, whether sitting, crouched or cross-legged. If you need to be seated, periodically move your calves, ankles, and thighs to keep blood flowing.

Travel Attention – Traveling by car, bus or plane can favor immobility, so stretch your legs frequently in your seat and get up at least once every hour. Also, drink lots of water and fruit juices to maintain hydration. Avoid alcohol on long trips.

Prevention in the hospital – be proactive. When you are hospitalized or need surgery, ask the care team what will be done to prevent venous thromboembolism. If your doctor determines that you are at risk, you can prescribe anticoagulant medications. You can also recommend the use of compression elastic stockings, which gently squeeze your legs to improve blood flow and help prevent blood clots.

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