Síndrome do Ovário Policístico – SINTOMAS, CAUSA E TRATAMENTO
A Síndrome do Ovário Policístico, também conhecida pela sigla SOP, é um distúrbio endócrino comum nas mulheres em idade reprodutiva que provoca alteração dos níveis hormonais, levando à formação de cistos nos ovários que fazem com que eles aumentem de tamanho.
The chronic lack of ovulation or its deficiency is the main sign of the syndrome.
Together, other symptoms may help to detect this disease, such as:
Delays in menstruation (since the first occurrence of the flow);
Increased hairs on the face, breasts and abdomen;
In more severe cases, it may predispose the development of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, infertility and cancer of the endometrium.
Sinais e sintomas
Symptoms typically begin during puberty and worsen over time. Early adrenarche, characterized by excess dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (SDHEA) and often early growth of axillary hairs, body odor and microcomedonal acne is common.
Typical symptoms include mild obesity, mild hirsutism and irregular menstruation or amenorrhea. But in about half of women with PCOS, weight is normal, and some women are underweight. Body hairs can grow in a male pattern (eg, the upper lip and chin, around the nipples and along the linea alba of the lower abdomen). Some women have signs of virilization such as acne and temporal alopecia.
Areas of thickening and darkening of the skin (acanthosis nigricans) may appear in the armpits, at the base of the neck and in the folds of the skin and joints of the fingers and / or elbows; the cause is high insulin levels due to insulin resistance.